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  Dry Stone Walling - "Click here for a larger picture"   The most economic and traditional way to build a natural stone wall is with Random Walling.
It has many uses around the garden including boundary walls, planters and retaining walls. A retaining wall is faced on one side only, and is normally backed with soil. A freestanding wall is faced on both sides, and therefore twice as much stone is line required.
It can be laid dry or in mortar. Dry stone walling is an art and stonemasons can spend many years perfecting their craft. It is possible though for most keen d.i.y enthusiasts and amateur builders to make a reasonable job, if simple guidelines are followed.
  Always keep the beds level and make sure there are no straight vertical joints.

When building a freestanding wall (i.e. one which is faced both sides with stone). It is best to make the total width no less than 400mm. You need to overlap the stones at the centre so that they bond and tie together securely. Small stones and broken pieces are used to fill gaps and to wedge stones so that they do not rock or move. A "Cock & Hen" coping can be used to top off the wall as shown above.

  Mortared Walling - "Click here for a larger picture"
Click HERE for a full specification in .pdf format.